The Gobi Bear has adapted to the desert by restricting its diet to plants in the desert such as wild rhubarb, berries, grass shoots and wild onion. The GPS information was particularly helpful in providing information on the relative time spent by individual bears at supplemental feeding stations, their use of habitat around the springs, and the amount of time bears go between spring visits for water intake. In 2004 the Mongolian Ministry of Nature and Environment convened a workshop to devise an effective conservation program for the Gobi bear, and The Gobi Bear Project was designed to address the recommendations identified during the workshop: (1) Gobi Bear population assessment and monitoring. One of the first major steps towards bringing Gobi Bears back from the brink of extinction was to determine accurately how many bears exist today and how they are distributed across oases complexes. A research team was soon formed, and it included specialists in bear ecology, safe capture and radio-collaring, population biology, genetics, GPS satellite collar data collection and analysis, and desert large mammal ecology. They are also the only kind of bear that lives in a desert. Current population estimates conclude that fewer than 35 adult Gobi Bears remain on Earth. The Gobi Bear is one of the few bear populations that is not represented in zoos. These bears are smaller than most members of the brown bear family (female adults weigh only 51-78 kg and males only 96-138 kg). Create your own unique website with customizable templates. In 2004 the Mongolian Ministry of Nature and Environment convened a workshop to devise an effective conservation program for the Gobi bear, and The Gobi Bear Project was designed to address the recommendations identified during the workshop: (1) Gobi Bear population assessment and monitoring(2) genetic and demographic information needs(3) human dimensions. From these samples, the team was able to estimate the Gobi Bear population, ascertain the sex ratio, document inter-oases movements of individual bears, and explore genetic variability of Gobi Bears. [4] There are only 20 Gobi bears left in the wild. One behavior adaptation about the Gobi bear is it hibernates. Gaining the support of government and religious officials was an important step in facilitating the conservation of the Gobi Bear, and their support – along with that being built in schools and local communities – will help immensely in the Gobi Bear Project’s efforts at saving the Gobi Bear. Gobi bears have very little genetic diversity,[2] among the lowest ever observed in any subspecies of brown bear. From 950 bear hair samples collected in 2008-2009, the team estimated that only 22-31 individual bears exist, with a minimum number of individually identified bears standing at 22 (8 female, 14 male). The photographs and DNA samples allowed the Gobi Bear Project team to identify individuals and accurately estimate population numbers using mark-recapture estimation methods, and the GPS collars helped the team to identify bear movements between springs and oasis complexes. Adaptations. Their fur is light brown in color, though their head, belly, and legs are noticeably darker. The population included only around 30 adults in 2009, and is separated by enough distance from other brown bear populations to achieve reproductive isolation. It is listed as critically endangered by the Mongolian Redbook of Endangered Species and by the Zoological Society of London. Eight of these bears are females, and 14 of them are males, though it is unclear whether this ratio reflects the true proportion of Gobi Bear sexes.

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