A second main cause of inappropriate affect is mental disorders, including depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We should never assume that a person who does not react to a situation in a socially acceptable way is wrong, or that their reaction is voluntary. This person will be able to recommend the appropriate treatment for your situation. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Carrying out a series of observations and asking specific questions that center around the varied forms of affect and mood (among other concepts) are used as a common tool in The Mental Status Examination (MSE). Even if psychotherapy is used, it is usually as an add-on to medication, because therapy alone often will not help to remediate the problem. Depression is a common mental health condition where a person experiences feelings of sadness, which can lead to a loss of interest in activities, decreased productivity, and other emotional and physical symptoms and conditions. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal inappropriate affect affect that is incongruent with the situation or with the content of a patient's ideas or speech. People who think that they or a loved one may be experiencing symptoms of flat or blunted affect should speak to a doctor for evaluation. Read our, Medically reviewed by Shaheen Lakhan, MD, PhD, FAAN, Medically reviewed by Daniel B. Reduced affect should be distinguished from apathy and anhedonia, which explicitly refer to a lack of emotion, whereas reduced affect is a lack of emotional expression (affect display) regardless of whether emotion (underlying affect) is actually reduced or not. A lot of times, these people need to be trained to even recognize different emotions in others. Support groups or other avenues for connecting with other people going through the same issues may be helpful. If you have a neurological condition that causes you to react in inappropriate ways, it may be helpful to share this with those who are closest to you so that they can understand better what is happening. When the connectivity between the midbrain and the medial prefrontal cortex is compromised in individuals with schizophrenia with blunted affect an absence of emotional reaction to external stimuli results. DA: 88 PA: 70 MOZ Rank: 56. In addition to blunt trauma, brain injuries caused by strokes, especially right hemisphere strokes, can cause a person to experience flat affect. Study.com has thousands of articles about every A blunted affect is not considered to be a psychiatric disorder by itself, but it can be one of the main symptoms of certain mental illnesses like schizophrenia, brain damage, depression, autistic spectrum disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder. [11] Damage to the amygdala of adult rhesus macaques early in life can permanently alter affective processing. 2014;2014:324374. doi:10.1155/2014/324374, Ahmed A, Simmons Z. Pseudobulbar affect: prevalence and management. This means that things that cause most people to experience negative emotions do not have the same impact for psychopaths. In flat affect there is a lack of signs of affective expression: the voice may be monotonous and the face, immobile. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Excellent point, Glasis. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. an immobile face and monotonous voice. There are some other negative symptoms of schizophrenia which include avolition, alogia and catatonic behaviour. Your doctor can refer you to the necessary professionals, such as a neurologist, psychologist, or psychiatrist. A constricted affect example could be given as a man who describes a gruesome accident that he was in but displays only mild discomfort in expressions, when, in fact, his reaction should have included outrage or anguish. It is characterized by an individual’s inability to express his feelings either verbally or non-verbally, especially when related to issues that would normally illicit the response. This little known plugin reveals the answer. Affect is observed through both verbal and nonverbal behavior. Affect refers to the outward expression of a person's internal emotions. How Clinical Interviews Help Diagnose Mental Illness, Conditions Involving Inappropriate Affect, Helping Someone With Inappropriate Affect, Emotions and Types of Emotional Responses, How Different Mental Illnesses Are Diagnosed and Treated, Schizoid Personality Disorder Symptoms and Treatments, How Mental Health Issues Are Damaged by Mass Media, Explore a List of Psychological Disorders From the DSM-5, How an Organic Mental Disorder Is Different From Other Illnesses, How Phobias Differ From Other Mental Disorders, The Fear of Being Touched, Haphephobia, Can Damage Your Relationships, How Behavioral Therapy Is Used in Psychology, The Best Types of Therapy to Treat Anxiety, Daily Tips for a Healthy Mind to Your Inbox, Selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, Tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants, Behavioral and emotional adverse events of drugs frequently used in the treatment of bipolar disorders: clinical and theoretical implications. 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