The idea: opposite information about the unknown word can be offset by words and phrases such as unlike, as opposed to, different from. He is late for school and has to scramble to come up with an excuse for his teacher. The idea: Providing examples of the unknown word can give readers a clue to meaning. • Vulnerable people, such as young children, the elderly, or handicapped individuals, might have protections under certain laws. Practice using context clues while reading. Authors do not always provide context clues throughout the text because they might have the assumption that readers come to the text knowing the meaning of certain words. The idea: Look for a definition or an explanation within the sentence. Use the context clues to help figure out the meaning of the underlined word. Although ailurophobia is an unknown word, the sentence gives an example of its effects. ... Use the context clues to help figure out the meaning of the underlined word. tion: indicates the word is a noun. Write the context clue on your own sheet of paper. Connect with Kathy through her website, I abhor clothes shopping, but I adore grocery shopping. Definition/explanation. Chapter 11: Writing from Research: What Will I Learn?

Without awareness of the types of context clues, students are at a disadvantage to decipher meanings for themselves. The idea: Look for a definition or an explanation within the sentence. The following worksheets will expand your students' vocabulary by teaching them how to use context clues. Students can complete the graphic organizer in Figure A individually or with pairs for several words using online and print resources. Please share your supplementary material! Find out what word would best replace the word in the sentence, if you had to. . Which word or words best helps you understand the meaning of the word obedient?

An excellent source is which provides explanations and examples of words.

Likewise, the word but may signal a contrast, which can help you define a word by its antonym. Fill in the circle for the correct answer. Discrimination . Consider the following example: If you visit Alaska, you will likely see many glaciers, or slow moving masses of ice. • Before Civil Rights laws, public schools in the South admitted only white students. • Vulnerable people, unlike those who can stand up for themselves, tend to be the target of unethical or dangerous individuals. 1.4 Introduction to Writing: End-of-Chapter Exercises. Teaching this skill supports self-agency so students can define unfamiliar words independently. The following are the different types of context clues: Sometimes a text directly states the definition or a restatement of the unknown word.

Some words have a prefix only (reread), a suffix only (reading), both a prefix and a suffix (prereading), a combination (unreadableness), or neither (read). The following are devices that authors use to incorporate context clues into their writing. Read the sentence and choose the meaning of the underlined word.

2.8 Writing Basics: End-of-Chapter Exercises, 3.9 Punctuation: End-of-Chapter Exercises. When you are first hired, however, jargon can be baffling and make you feel like an outsider. • Discrimination or unfairly targeting one or more groups by those who perceive themselves to be superior can cause distress. The obedient child always followed her mother's requests. • makes me think of a time when . Exchange papers with a classmate and try to decipher the meaning of the words in each other’s paragraphs based on the context clues. word. • The elderly and handicapped, a vulnerable group of individuals, have laws to protect them from unethical individuals. These words signal that a word’s meaning may be revealed through an example. Context Clues Worksheet: Sometimes we do not need to look up the words we don't know.The first thing to do should be to look at the context and actually try to guess the meaning of the word. On your own sheet of paper, write the name of the context clue that helps to define the underlined words. 11.2 Steps in Developing a Research Proposal, 11.4 Strategies for Gathering Reliable Information, 11.5 Critical Thinking and Research Applications, 11.6 Writing from Research: End-of-Chapter Exercises, 12.1 Creating a Rough Draft for a Research Paper, 12.2 Developing a Final Draft of a Research Paper, 12.3 Writing a Research Paper: End-of-Chapter Exercises, Chapter 13: APA and MLA Documentation and Formatting, 13.4 Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Style, 13.5 APA and MLA Documentation and Formatting: End-of-Chapter Exercises, Chapter 14: Creating Presentations: Sharing Your Ideas, 14.2 Incorporating Effective Visuals into a Presentation, 14.4 Creating Presentations: End-of-Chapter Exercises. Students can also use the organizer as a game by completing only some of the quadrants and asking classmates to use the context clues on the figure to complete the others. Next: 4.7 Working with Words: End-of-Chapter Exercises, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Sometimes a text gives a synonym of the unknown word to signal the meaning of the unfamiliar word: When you interpret an image, you actively question and examine what the image connotes and suggests. Once students identify the context clue, orchestrate activities for students to learn the word so they can use it when speaking and within their writing. Using context clues aligns with the following ELA Common Core Standard: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.L.4 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues, analyzing meaningful word parts, and consulting … We often ask students to use context clues to figure out a word’s meaning. • Discrimination or bias can cause distress toward the targeted group. . • If I were to paint a picture of ___, I’d paint . Medium Words. • Vulnerable people are oftentimes in need of protection under certain laws so others cannot take advantage of them. Since most of your knowledge of vocabulary comes from reading, it is important that you recognize context clues. Follow the same procedure we have discussed to find their meaning. The word and sometimes signals synonyms. Based on this example, a reader could confidently surmise that the word means a fear of cats. • A mall’s food court includes food from different countries. Context clues are words or phrases within a text that help clarify vocabulary that is unknown to you. Context clues usually help us figure out the meaning of the words without having to look up in the dictionary. . Chapter 7: Refining Your Writing: How Do I Improve My Writing Technique? • Discrimination, as opposed to fairness for all people, can have damaging effects on a targeted group. You will basically be replacing words. Definitions or Restatements. Other signals to look for are the words is, as, means, known as, and refers to. 4.7 Working with Words: End-of-Chapter Exercises, Chapter 5: Help for English Language Learners, 5.3 Count and Noncount Nouns and Articles, 5.9 Help for English Language Learners: End-of-Chapter Exercises, Chapter 6: Writing Paragraphs: Separating Ideas and Shaping Content, 6.2 Effective Means for Writing a Paragraph, 6.3 Writing Paragraphs: End-of-Chapter Exercises. • Discrimination, the act of showing bias to one group, can have damaging effects. Although fuming mad is not a formal definition of the word indignant, it does serve to define it. Kathy Glass consults nationally with schools and districts, presents at conferences, and teaches seminars for university and county programs delivering customized professional development. Fill in the circle for the correct answer. Identify the context clue that helps define the underlined words in each of the following sentences. Chapter 8: The Writing Process: How Do I Begin? Read the passage below. These are the more difficult words in this section. Use the context clue technique we discussed above to better understand the meaning of the words and ultimately what you are reading. . In order to complete these worksheets, you will need to read each sentence that you are presented with completely and look for meaning of words that are often unfamiliar. Jargon a type of shorthand communication often used in the workplace. Which word is the meaning of the underlined word? Please share with a classmate and compare your answers. In this sentence, the word glaciers is defined by the phrase that follows the signal word or, which is slow moving masses of ice. In doing so, students become armed with an inventory of ways (such as reading response questions) to access unknown words to help gain a deeper meaning of the text. From this context, the reader can guess that abhor means to dislike greatly. The idea: Comparisons of the word help to determine what it means. Dis-: not, opposite of, reverse, deprive of; apart, away These are more real world words, if you will. Words in Sentences . • makes me think of the color ___ because . . When you first start a job, no matter where it may be, you will encounter jargon that will likely be foreign to you. • The ill effects of discrimination are like hateful, wicked tendrils gripping the heart. crimin: verdict, judicial decision; judgment

• When people know they are vulnerable or defenseless, they tend to protect themselves to avoid harm. By becoming more aware of particular words and phrases surrounding a difficult word, you can make logical guesses about its meaning. Identify the different types of context clues. There are several types of context clues including brief definition and restatement, synonyms and antonyms, and example. It is more that they come to understand that authors give hints in all kinds of ways to help readers figure out what words mean so they are alert to these devices.

Context Clues Mentor Text: Middle Elementary The picture book Baloney (Henry P.) by Jon Scieszka is perfect for students in 2nd and 3rd grade classrooms. Introduction When you come across an unfamiliar word, look for context clues — nearby words that hint at the meaning of the word. . Try switching the words and see if the sentences make sense. …

• is used to describe because . The idea: Words next to the unknown word can be a clue that there is a synonym. With a partner, identify each type of clue you used. • Like shunning smokers in restaurants by making them satisfy their habit outside, discrimination targets a perceived undesirable group. Although the following list seems straightforward, neat and tidy, demonstrate to students to read the surrounding passage in which unfamiliar words appear. The word abhor is contrasted with its opposite: adore. © Copyright All Rights Reserved - • Vulnerable people can be like fragile glass in need of care and attention. Put more into your sentence makers and see if you get what is meant be the use of each word. That night, she brushed her teeth, folded her clothes, and went to bed before her mother had to come in and remind her. Study these four types of context clues. This helps readers infer a word’s meaning and appreciate the entire passage where the word resides. These two examples use signals—the word or and the punctuation dashes—to indicate the meaning of the unfamiliar word. Context clues are bits of information within a text that will assist you in deciphering the meaning of unknown words. Read the sentence and choose the meaning of the underlined word. The idea: Break down the different parts of a word—base word (word stem or root word), prefixes, and suffixes—to figure out what it means. Adapt the tasks so students use the words expressly associated with the targeted complex text. They will be your guide. . • Intolerable/compromise: The situation between the twin boys became so intolerable that their parents demanded they go to their bedroom until they could reach a compromise. In other instances, the text may restate the meaning of the word in a different way, by using punctuation as a signal. Read each sentence.

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